Visitors to Pendleton have several options for learning about Western history. The Round-Up and Happy Canyon Hall of Fame Museum celebrates the cowboys, Tribal members, bullfighter/clowns, stock and volunteers that have made the Round-Up the world-famous and world-class event it has become. The museum had been located under the grandstands for 30 years, but their board was not satisfied with keeping so much of their collection in storage for lack of display space. A new museum has been built across the street from the arena and much more of the wonderful collection can be exhibited. A new exhibit was just unveiled in June 2010 that celebrates the "Women in Rodeo."
The Umatilla County Historical Society now occupies the old railway station with the "Heritage Station" museum. The exhibits chronicle the settling of the area by emigrants and help visitors to understand the hardships they overcame to not only survive, but create a life here in the Columbia River Plateau. The grounds include a farmstead and an authentic one-room schoolhouse, complete with slates, maps, teaching materials, desks and a pot-bellied stove. And of course, there are artifacts and stories from the age of the iron horse as well.
Tamástslikt Cultural Institute tells the story of the Cayuse, Umatilla and Walla Walla Tribes. This museum gives visitors a different perspective on the westward migration that they've possibly never considered before through the creative displays of the way "we were", "we are", and how "we will be". The hands-on living exhibits change with the seasons to help visitors understand the connection between the people and the land that has existed for thousands of years. Tamástslikt also incorporates a language program to preserve the Native tongues and works with the charter school on the reservation to teach the languages to the students there.